Problems with Aggregate Data and the Importance of Individual Differences in the Study of Pornography and Sexual Aggression: Comment on Diamond, Jozifkova, and Weiss (2010)
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The influence of pornography on attitudes and behaviors has been a longstanding question that has provoked considerable debate among researchers (Malamuth, Addison, & Koss, 2000; Marshall, 2000). Evidence associating pornography consumption with aggression would be important, not only for public policy and legislation, but in the assessment and treatment of special populations, such as sexual offenders. In this commentary, we briefly discuss the methodologies in which pornography’s putative effects have been examined, with particular note of the aggregate approach employed by Diamond, Jozifkova, and Weiss (2010). We conclude with a brief review of the literature on pornography’s role in affecting negative attitudes and behaviors among certain individuals.
Investigations examining the putative effects of pornography have employed several different study designs. Some researchers have argued for examining the association between the availability of pornography in a ...
- Allen, M., D’Alessio, D., & Brezgel, K. (1995a). A meta-analysis summarizing the effects of pornography II: Aggression after exposure. Human Communications Research, 22, 258–283. CrossRef
- Allen, M., Emmers, T., Gebhardt, L., & Giery, M. A. (1995b). Exposure to pornography and acceptance of rape myths. Journal of Communications, 45, 5–26. CrossRef
- Boeringer, S. (1994). Pornography and sexual aggression: Associations of violent and nonviolent depictions with rape and rape proclivity. Deviant Behavior, 15, 289–304. CrossRef
- Diamond, M., Jozifkova, E., & Weiss, P. (2010). Pornography and sex crimes in the Czech Republic. Archives of Sexual Behavior. doi:10.1007/s10508-010-9696-y.
- Diamond, M., & Uchiyama, A. (1999). Pornography, rape and sex crimes in Japan. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 22, 1–22. CrossRef
- Hald, G. M., & Malamuth, N. M. (2008). Self-perceived effects of pornography in a representative sample of the Danish population. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37, 614–625. CrossRef
- Hald, G. M., & Malamuth, N. M. (2011). Experimental effects of exposure to pornography: The moderating role of personality. Manuscript in preparation.
- Hald, G. M., Malamuth, N. M., & Yuen, C. (2010). Pornography and attitudes supporting violence against women: Revisiting the relationship in nonexperimental studies. Aggressive Behavior, 36, 14–20. CrossRef
- Kim, M., & Hunter, J. (1993). Relationships among attitudes, behavioral intentions, and behavior. Communications Research, 20, 331–364. CrossRef
- Kingston, D. A., Fedoroff, P., Firestone, P., Curry, S., & Bradford, J. M. (2008). Pornography use and sexual aggression: The impact of frequency and type of pornography use on recidivism among sexual offenders. Aggressive Behavior, 34, 341–351. CrossRef
- Kingston, D. A., Malamuth, N. M., Fedoroff, J. P., & Marshall, W. L. (2009). The importance of individual differences in pornography use: Theoretical perspectives and implications for treating sexual offenders. Journal of Sex Research, 46, 216–232. CrossRef
- Knight, R. A., & Sims-Knight, (2003). Developmental antecedents of sexual coercion against women: Testing of alternative hypotheses with structural equation modeling. In R. A. Prentky, E. S. Janus, & M. C. Seto (Eds.), Sexually coercive behavior: Understanding and management (pp. 72–85). New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
- Kutchinsky, B. (1973). The effect of easy availability of pornography on the incidence of sex crimes: The Danish experience. Journal of Social Issues, 29, 163–181. CrossRef
- Kutchinsky, B. (1991). Pornography and rape: Theory and practice. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 14, 47–64. CrossRef
- LaFree, G. (1999). A summary and review of cross-national comparative studies of homicide. In M. D. Smith & M. A. Zahn (Eds.), Homicide: A sourcebook of social research (pp. 125–145). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Lam, C. B., & Chan, D. K.-S. (2007). The use of cyberpornography by young men in Hong Kong: Some psychosocial correlates. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36, 588–598. CrossRef
- Malamuth, N. M. (2003). Criminal and noncriminal sexual aggressors: Integrating psychopathy in a hierarchical-mediational confluence model. In R. A. Prentky, E. S. Janus, & M. C. Seto (Eds.), Sexually coercive behavior: Understanding and management (pp. 33–58). New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
- Malamuth, N. M., Addison, T., & Koss, M. (2000). Pornography and sexual aggression: Are there reliable effects and can we understand them? Annual Review of Sex Research, 11, 26–91.
- Malamuth, N. M., & Pitpitan, E. V. (2007). The effects of pornography are moderated by men’s sexual aggression risk. In D. E. Guinn (Ed.), Pornography: Driving the demand for international sex trafficking? (pp. 125–143). Los Angeles: Captive Daughters Media.
- Marshall, W. L. (2000). Revisiting the use of pornography by sexual offenders: Implications for theory and practice. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 6, 67–77. CrossRef
- Oddone-Paolucci, E., Genuis, M., & Violato, C. (2000). A meta-analysis of the published research on the effects of pornography. In C. Violato, E. Oddone-Paolucci, & M. Genuis (Eds.), The changing family and child development (pp. 48–59). Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing.
- Robinson, W. S. (1950). Ecological correlations and the behavior of individuals. American Sociological Review, 15, 351–357. CrossRef
- Shim, J. W., Lee, S., & Paul, B. (2007). Who responds to unsolicited sexually explicit materials on the internet? The role of individual differences. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 10, 71–79. CrossRef
- Subramanian, S. V., Jones, K., Kaddour, A., & Krieger, N. (2009). Revisiting Robinson: The perils of individualistic and ecologic fallacy. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38, 342–360. CrossRef
- Vega, V., & Malamuth, N. M. (2007). Predicting sexual aggression: The role of pornography in the context of general and specific risk factors. Aggressive Behavior, 33, 104–117. CrossRef
- Weinberg, M. S., Williams, C. J., Kleiner, S., & Irizarry, Y. (2010). Pornography, normalization, and empowerment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 1389–1401. CrossRef
- Zillmann, D., & Bryant, J. (1984). Effects of massive exposure to pornography. In N. M. Malamuth & E. Donnerstein (Eds.), Pornography and sexual aggression (pp. 115–138). New York: Academic Press.
- Zimring, F. E. (2006). The great American crime decline. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Problems with Aggregate Data and the Importance of Individual Differences in the Study of Pornography and Sexual Aggression: Comment on Diamond, Jozifkova, and Weiss (2010)
Archives of Sexual Behavior
Volume 40, Issue 5 , pp 1045-1048
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Integrated Forensic Program, Brockville Mental Health Center, 1804 Highway 2 East, Brockville, ON, K6V 5W7, Canada
- 2. Department of Communication Studies, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
- 3. Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA