Abramson, M. F. (1972). The criminalization of mentally disordered behavior: Possible side effect of a new commitment law. Hospital and Community Psychiatry
Akers, R. L. (1998). Social learning and social structure: A general theory of crime and deviance. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
Appelbaum, K. L., Fisher, W. H., Nestelbaum, Z., & Bateman, A. (1992). Are pretrial commitments used to control nuisance behavior? Hospital and Community Psychiatry
Appelbaum, P. S. (1994). Almost a revolution: Mental health law and the limits of change. New York: Oxford University Press.
Becker, H. (1963). Outsiders: Studies in the sociology of deviance. New York: The Free Press.
Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. (1994). Continuity amidst change: A paradoxical theory of personality coherence. Psychological Inquiry
Cohen, L. E., & Felson, M. (1979). Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activity approach. American Sociological Review
Council of State Governments (2002). Criminal justice/mental health consensus model. New York: Council of State Governments.
Dennis, D. L., & Monahan, J. (1996). Introduction. In Dennis, D. L., & Monahan, J. (Eds.), Coercion and aggressive community treatment: A new frontier in mental health law (pp. 1–9). New York: Plenum.
Ditton, P. (1999). Mental health and treatment of inmates and probationers. Washington, DC: US Dept of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Draine, J., & Solomon, P. (1994). Jail recidivism and the intensity of case management services among homeless persons with mental illness leaving jail. Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 22, 245–261.
Draine, J., Solomon, P., Salzer, M. S., Culhane, D. P., & Hadley, T. R. (2003). Role of social disadvantage in crime, joblessness, and homelessness among persons with serious mental illness. Psychiatric Services
Durham, M. L., Fisher, W. H., & Pierce, G. L. (1986). The impact of legislative change, resource constraints and judicial decisions on length of stay of patients admitted to a state mental hospital. Law, Medicine and Health Care, 13, 290–296.
Durham, M. L., & LaFond, J. Q. (1985). The empirical consequences and policy implications of broadening the statutory criteria for civil commitment aw. Yale Law and Policy Review
Durham, M. L., & Pierce, G. L. (1982). Beyond deinstitutionalization: A commitment law in evolution. Hospital and Community Psychiatry
Engel, R. S., & Silver, E. (2001). Policing mentally disordered suspects: A reexamination of the criminalization hypothesis. Criminology
Faris, R. E., & Dunham, H. W. (1939). Mental disorders in urban areas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Fischer, P. (1988). Criminal activity among the homeless mentally ill: A study of arrests in Baltimore. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 39, 46–51.
Fisher, W. H., Packer, I. K., Banks, S. M., Smith, D., Simon, L. J., & Roy-Bujnowski, K. (2002). Self-reported lifetime psychiatric hospitalization histories of mentally ill jail detainees: Comparison with a non-incarcerated national sample. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research
Fisher, W. H., Packer, I. K., Simon, L. J., & Smith, D. (2000). Community mental health services and the prevalence of severe mental illness in local jails: Are they related? Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Fountain House (1999). Gold Award: The wellspring of the Clubhouse Model for social and vocational adjustment of persons with serious mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 50, 1473–1476.
Freidson, E. (1970). Profession of medicine: A study of the sociology of applied knowledge. New York: Harper & Row.
Geller, J. L., & Fisher, W. H. (1993). Transitional residences in the linear continuum: Debunking the myth. American Journal of Psychiatry
Geller, J. L., Fisher, W. H., Wirth-Cauchon, J. L., & Simon, L. J. (1990). Second generation deinstitutionalization I: Brewster v. Dukakis’s impact on state hospital case mix. American Journal of Psychiatry
Glueck, S., & Glueck, E. (1950). Unraveling juvenile delinquency. New York: Commonwealth Fund.
Glueck, S., & Glueck, E. (1968). Delinquents and non-delinquents in perspective. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Gottfredson, M., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press
Griffin, P. A., Steadman, H. J., & Petrila, J. (2002). The use of criminal charges and sanctions in mental health courts. Psychiatric Services
Hartwell, S. W. (2003). Prison, hospital or community: Community re-entry and mentally Ill offenders. In W. H. Fisher (Ed.), Community-based interventions for criminal offenders with mental illness. Research in community and mental health, (Vol. 12, pp. 199–220).
Hartwell, S. W., & Orr, K. (1999). The Massachusetts Forensic Transition Team for mentally ill offenders re-entering the community. Psychiatric Services
Hiday, V. A. (1992). Civil commitment and arrests: An investigation of the criminalization thesis. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Hiday, V. A. (1999). Mental illness and the criminal justice system. In A. Horwitz & T. Scheid (Eds.), The handbook for the study of mental health: Social contexts, theories, and systems (pp. 508–525). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Horney, J., Osgood, D. W., & Marshall, I. H. (1995). Criminal careers in the short term: Intra-individual variability in crime and its relationship to local life circumstances. American Sociological Review
Human Rights Watch (2003). Ill-Equipped: U.S. prisons and offenders with mental illness. New York: Human Rights Watch.
Jackson, R. L. (2001). The clubhouse model: Empowering applications of theory to generalist practice (1st ed.). Belmont: CA, Wadsworth
Kessler, R. C., McGonagle, K. A., Zhao, S., Nelson, C. B., & Huges, M. (1994). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51, 5–18.
Lamb, H. R., & Weinberger, L. E. (1998). Persons with severe mental illness in jails and prisons: A Review. Psychiatric Services
Laub, J. H., Nagin, D. S., & Sampson, R. J. (1998). Trajectories of change in criminal offending: Good marriages and the desistence process. American Sociological Review
Macias, C., Barriera, P., Alden, M., & Boyd, A. S. (2001). The ICCD Benchmarks for Clubhouses: A practical approach to quality improvement in psychiatric rehabilitation. Psychiatric Services
McGaha, A., Boothroyd, R., Poythress, N., Petrila, J., & Ort, R. (2002). Lessons from the Broward County mental health court evaluation. Evaluation and Program Planning
Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life course persistent anti- social behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review
Nagin, D. S., & Farrington, D. P. (1992). The stability of criminal potential from childhood to adulthood. Criminology
Nagin, D. S., & Land, K. C. (1993). Age, criminal careers, and population heterogeneity: specification and estimation of a non-parametric, mixed Poisson model. Criminology
Nagin, D. S., & Paternoster, R. (1991). On the relationship of past to future participation in delinquency. Criminology
Osgood, D. W., Wilson, J. K., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Johnston, L. D. (1996). Routine activities and individual deviant behavior. American Sociological Review
Pierce, G. L., Durham, M. L., & Fisher, W. H. (1986). The impact of public policy and publicity on admissions to state mental hospitals. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
President’s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health (2003). Achieving the promise: Transforming mental health care in America. Washington DC.
Robins, L. N., & Regier, D. A. (1991). Psychiatric disorders in America. New York: The Free Press.
Rose, D. R., & Clear, T. R. (1998). Incarceration, social capital, and crime: Implications for social disorganization theory. Criminology
Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (1993). Crime in the making: Pathways and turning points through life. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (2003). Life course desisters? Trajectories of crime among delinquent boys followed to age 70. Criminology
Silver, E., Mulvey, E., & Swanson, J. (2002). Neighborhood structural characteristics and mental disorder: Faris and Dunham revisited. Social Science and Medicine
Skinner, E. A., Steinwachs, D. M., & Kasper, J. A. (1992). Family perspectives on the service needs of people with severe and persistent mental illness, Part I: Characteristics of families and consumers. Innovations, 1, 23–30.
Soros Foundation (1996). Research Brief: Mental illness in US jails: Diverting the non-violent, low-level offender. Occasional Paper Series Number 1. Center on Crime, Communities and Culture. http://www.soros.org/crime
Steadman, H. J., Barbera, S. S., & Dennis, D. L. (1994). A national survey of jail diversion programs for mentally ill detainees. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 45(11), 1109–1113.
Steadman, H. J., Davidson, S., & Brown, C. (2001). Mental health courts: Their promises and unanswered questions. Psychiatric Services
Steadman, H. J., Deane, M. W., Morrissey, J. P., Westcott, M. L., Salasin, S., & Shapiro, S. (1999). A SAMHSA research initiative assessing the effectiveness of jail diversion programs for mentally ill persons. Psychiatric Services
Steadman, H. J., Monahan, J., Duffee, B., Hartstone, E., & Ribbins, P. C. (1984). The impact of state mental hospital deinstitutionalization on US prison populations, 1968–1978. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology
Steadman, H. J., Morris, S. M., & Dennis, D. L. (1995). The diversion of mentally ill persons from jails to community-based services: A profile of programs. American Journal of Public Health
Steadman, H. J., & Naples, M. (2005). Assessing the effectiveness of jail diversion programs for persons with serious mental illness and co-occurring substance use disorders. Behavioral Sciences and the Law
Steadman, H. J., Redlich, A. D., Griffin, P., Petrila, J., & Monahan, J. (2005). From referral to disposition: Case processing in seven mental health courts. Behavioral Sciences and the Law
Teplin, L. A. (1990). The prevalence of severe mental disorders among male urban jail detainees. American Journal of Public Health
Teplin, L. A. (1991). The criminalization of the mentally ill: Speculation in search of data. Psychological Bulletin
Teplin, L. A., Abram, K. M., & McClelland, G. M. (1996). Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among incarcerated women jail detainees. Archives of General Psychiatry
Torrey, E. F. (1995). Editorial: Jails and prisons—America’s new mental hospitals. American Journal of Public Health
Torrey, E. F., Steiber, J., Exekiel, J., Wolfe, S. M., Sharfstein, J., Nobel, J. H., & Flynn, L. M. (1992). Criminalizing the seriously mentally ill: The abuse of jails as mental hospitals. Washington, DC: Public Citizen’s Health Research Group.
Warr, M. (2002). Companions in crime: The social aspects of criminal conduct. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Warren, C. A. B. (1981). The court of ast resort: L and mental health. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Waters, B. (1992). The work unit: The heart of the Clubhouse. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 16, 41–48.
Wolff, N. (2003). Courting the court: Courts as agents for treatment and justice. In W. H. Fisher (Ed.), Research in community and mental health (Vol. 12, pp. 143–198). Boston MA: Elsevier Science.
Wolff, N., & Draine, J. (2004). The dynamics of social capital of prisoners and community reentry: Ties that bind?Journal of Correctional Health Care