The Impact of a National Poverty Reduction Program on the Characteristics of Sex Partners Among Kenyan Adolescents Brief Report First Online: 24 April 2013 DOI:
Cite this article as: Rosenberg, M., Pettifor, A., Thirumurthy, H. et al. AIDS Behav (2014) 18: 311. doi:10.1007/s10461-013-0487-z Abstract
Cash transfer programs have the potential to prevent the spread of HIV, particularly among adolescents. One mechanism through which these programs may work is by influencing the characteristics of the people adolescents choose as sex partners. We examined the four-year impact of a Kenyan cash transfer program on partner age, partner enrollment in school, and transactional sex-based relationships among 684 adolescents. We found no significant impact of the program on partner characteristics overall, though estimates varied widely by gender, age, schooling, and economic status. Results highlight the importance of context in exploring the potential HIV preventive effects of cash transfers.
Keywords Cash transfer Sex partner characteristics Adolescents HIV Kenya References
UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO. Young People and HIV/AIDS: opportunity in crisis. New York: UNICEF; 2002.
Pettifor A, Macphail C, Nguyen N, Rosenberg M. Can money prevent the spread of HIV? a review of cash payments for HIV prevention. AIDS Behav. 2012;16(7):1729–38 Epub 2012/07/05.
PubMedCentral PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar
Lagarde M, Haines A, Palmer N. The impact of conditional cash transfers on health outcomes and use of health services in low and middle income countries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;7(4):CD008137 Epub 2009/10/13.
The Kenya CT-OVC Evaluation Team. The impact of Kenya’s Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children on human capital. J Dev Eff. 2012;4(1):38–49.
Baird SJ, Garfein RS, McIntosh CT, Ozler B. Effect of a cash transfer programme for schooling on prevalence of HIV and herpes simplex type 2 in Malawi: a cluster randomised trial. Lancet. 2012;379(9823):1320–9 Epub 2012/02/22.
PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar
Karim QA. A Proof of Concept Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Impact of a Cash Incentivised Prevention Intervention to Reduce HIV Infection in High School Learners in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. NIH Clinical Trials.
(2012). Feb 2012.
HIV Prevention Trials Network. HPTN 068: effects of cash transfer for the prevention of HIV in young South African women.
(2011). Accessed Nov 1 2012.
The Kenya CT-OVC Evaluation Team. The impact of the Kenya cash transfer program for orphans and vulnerable children on household spending. J Dev Eff. 2012;4(1):9–37.
Handa S, Halpern C, Pettifor A, Thirumurthy H. Impact of the Kenya Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children program on HIV risk behavior. Washington: International AIDS Conference; 2012.
Deaton A. The analysis of household surveys: a microeconomic approach to development policy. Washington: World Bank; 1997.
CrossRef Google Scholar
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Basic report on well-being in Kenya. Nairobi: Ministry of Planning and National Development; 2007.
Handa S, Huang C, Halpern C, Pettifor A, Thirumurthy H. Can a poverty targeted program reduce teen pregnancy?. Baltimore: American Public Policy Association Annual Meeting; 2012.
Kohler HP, Thornton R. Conditional cash transfers and HIV/AIDS prevention: unconditionally promising? World Bank Econ Rev. 2011;. doi:
Epub November 2, 2011.
Google Scholar Copyright information
© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013