Original Paper

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Issue 7, pp 2540-2553

First online:

Maternal HIV Serostatus, Mother–Daughter Sexual Risk Communication and Adolescent HIV Risk Beliefs and Intentions

  • Julie A. CederbaumAffiliated withSchool of Social Work, University of Southern California Email author 
  • , M. Katherine HutchinsonAffiliated withCollege of Nursing, New York University
  • , Lei DuanAffiliated withSchool of Social Work, University of Southern California
  • , Loretta S. JemmottAffiliated withSchool of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania

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Daughters of HIV-positive women are often exposed to the same factors that placed their mothers at risk. This cross-sectional study (N = 176 dyads) examined HIV status, parent-teen sexual risk communication (PTSRC), and daughters’ abstinence and condom use beliefs and intentions. Maternal HIV status was not associated with PTSRC. Path analyses show that maternal depression was associated with PTSRC behavioral and normative beliefs; relationship satisfaction was associated with PTSRC normative and control beliefs. Control beliefs were solely predictive of maternal PTSRC intention. PTSRC was associated with adolescent behavioral and normative beliefs. Abstinence beliefs were associated with abstinence intentions; condom beliefs were associated with condom use intentions. Relationship satisfaction was associated with adolescent control beliefs about both abstinence and condom use. There is a need for interventions that help HIV-positive mothers recognize their daughter’s HIV risk and provide them with relationship building and parent process skills to help reduce these risks.


Parent–child sexual risk communication Adolescent sexual risk Maternal HIV Relationship satisfaction