AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 1227–1237

NIMH Project Accept (HPTN 043) HIV/AIDS Community Mobilization (CM) to Promote Mobile HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (MVCT) in Rural Communities in Northern Thailand: Modifications by Experience

Authors

  • Surinda Kawichai
    • Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public HealthJohns Hopkins University
    • Research Institute for Health SciencesChiang Mai University
  • David Celentano
    • Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public HealthJohns Hopkins University
  • Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai
    • Research Institute for Health SciencesChiang Mai University
  • Monjun Wichajarn
    • Research Institute for Health SciencesChiang Mai University
  • Kanokporn Pancharoen
    • Research Institute for Health SciencesChiang Mai University
  • Chonlisa Chariyalertsak
    • Chiang Mai Public Health Office, Thai Ministry of Public Health
  • Surasing Visrutaratana
    • Chiang Mai Public Health Office, Thai Ministry of Public Health
  • Gertrude Khumalo-Sakutukwa
    • Department of Medicine, School of MedicineUniversity of California, San Francisco
  • Michael Sweat
    • Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesMedical University of South Carolina
    • Research Institute for Health SciencesChiang Mai University
  • and The Project Accept Study Team
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-011-0099-4

Cite this article as:
Kawichai, S., Celentano, D., Srithanaviboonchai, K. et al. AIDS Behav (2012) 16: 1227. doi:10.1007/s10461-011-0099-4

Abstract

Project Accept is a RCT designed to test the efficacy of community mobilization (CM), mobile voluntary counseling and testing (MVCT), and post-test support services (PTSS) in reducing HIV incidence in three African countries and Thailand. The intervention started in rural areas, northern Thailand in January 2006. CM initially included door-to-door visits during the daytime, small group discussions and joining organized meetings and followed by MVCT. In February 2007, CM strategy using HIV/AIDS “edutainment” (education and entertainment) during evening hours was introduced. After edutainment was initiated, the number of participants increased substantially. VCT uptake increased from 18 to 28 persons/day on average (t test; t = 7.87 P < 0.0001). Edutainment especially motivated younger people, as the median age of VCT clients decreased from 38 to 35 years old (median test; z = 6.74, P < 0.0001). Providing free MVCT in community settings along with edutainment during evening hours increased VCT uptake and was particularly attractive to younger adults.

Keywords

HIVCommunity mobilizationMobile VCTThailand

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011