The Use of Qualitative Comparative Analysis for Critical Event Research in Alcohol and HIV in Mumbai, India
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
In this paper we use Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) in critical event analysis to identify under what conditions alcohol is necessary in contributing to unprotected sex. The paper is based on a set of in-depth interviews with 84 men aged 18 = 29 from three typical low income communities in Mumbai who reported using alcohol and having sex with at least one nonspousal partner once or more in the 30 days prior to the interview. The interviews included narratives of critical events defined as recent (past 30–60 day) events involving sexual behavior with or without alcohol. The paper identifies themes related to alcohol, sexuality and condom use, uses QCA to identify and explain configurations leading to protected and unprotected sex, and explains the differences. The analysis shows that alcohol alone is not sufficient to explain any cases involving unprotected sex but alcohol in combination with partner type and contextual factors does explain unprotected sex for subsets of married and unmarried men.
- Bennett LA, et al. Alcoholic beverage consumption in India, Mexico and Nigeria—a cross-cultural comparison. Alcohol Health Res World. 1998;22(4):243–52.
- Demers A, Room R, Bourgault C. Surveys of drinking patterns and problems in seven developing countries. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2000.
- Tripathi BM. Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors across cultures: a literature review from eight countries: WHO study on determinants of sexual risk behaviors amongst alcohol users in diverse cultural settings. Geneva: WHO; 2002.
- Akinade EA. Taking behavior and substance abuse Vis-a-Vis HIV transmission in African Societies. J Instr Psychol. 2001;28(1):3–8.
- Fritz KE, et al. The association between alcohol use, sexual risk behavior, and HIV infection among men attending beerhalls in Harare, Zimbabwe. AIDS Behav. 2002;6(3):221–8. CrossRef
- Mataure P, McFarland W. Alcohol use and high-risk sexual behavior among adolescents and young adults in Harare, Zimbabwe. AIDS Behav. 2002;6(3):211–9. CrossRef
- Anderson MM, Forssman AL, Milsom I. Age of sexual debut related to life-style and reproductive health factors in a group of Swedish teenage girls. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1996;75(5):484–9. CrossRef
- Mott FL, et al. The determinants of first sex by age 14 in a high-risk adolescent population. Family Plan Perspect 1996;28:113–18.
- NJea Murray. Gender differences in factors influencing first intercourse among urban students in Chile. Int Family Plan Perspect. 1998;24(3):139. CrossRef
- Ray R. South Asia: Drug Demand Reduction Report. New Delhi: UNDCP Regional Office for South Asia;1998.
- Dunn MD, Bartee RT, Perko MA. Self-reported alcohol use and sexual behaviors of adolescents. Psychological Reports92. 2003;1:339–48.
- Malow RM, et al. Substance-abusing adolescents at varying levels of HIV risk: psychosocial characteristics, drug use, and sexual behavior. J Subst Abuse. 2001;13(1–2):103–17.
- Dermen KH, Cooper ML. Inhibition conflict and alcohol expectancy as moderators of alcohol’s relationship to condom use. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2000;8(2):198–206. CrossRef
- MacDonald TK. Alcohol, sexual arousal, and intentions to use condoms in young men: applying alcohol myopia theory to risky sexual behavior. Health Psychol. 2000;19(3):290–8. CrossRef
- Morrison TC, et al. Frequency of alcohol use and its association with STD/HIV-related risk practices, attitudes and knowledge among an African-American community-recruited sample. Int J STD AIDS. 1998;9(10):608–12. CrossRef
- Stall R, et al. Alcohol and drug-use during sexual-activity and compliance with safe sex guidelines for aids—the aids behavioral-research project. Health Educ Q. 1986;13(4):359–71.
- Morris RE, Anderson MM, Knox GW. Incarcerated adolescents’ experiences as perpetrators of sexual assault. Arch Pediatr. 2002;156(8):831–5.
- Kalichman SC, Heckman T, Kelly JA. Sensation seeking as an explanation for the association between substance use and HIV-related risky sexual behavior. Arch Sex Behav. 1996;25(2):141–54. CrossRef
- Kalichman SC, Kelly JA, Rompa D. Continued high-risk sex among HIV seropositive gay and bisexual men seeking HIV prevention services. Health Psychol. 1997;16(4):369–73. CrossRef
- Calzavara LM, Coates RA, Raboud JM, et al. Ongoing high-risk sexual behaviors in relation recreational drug use in sexual encounters. Analysis of 5 years of data from the Toronto Sexual Contact Study. Ann Epidemiol. 1993;3(3):272–80.
- Godin G, Savard J, Kok G, Fortin C, Boyer R. HIV seropositive gay men: understanding adoption of safe sexual practices. AIDS Educ Prev. 1996;8(6):529–45.
- Gold RS, Skinner MJ. Situational factors and thought processes associated with unprotected intercourse in young gay men. AIDS. 1992;6(9):1021–30. CrossRef
- Leigh BC. The relationship of substance use during sex to high-risk sexual-behavior. J Sex Res. 1990;27(2):199–213. CrossRef
- Leigh BC, Stall R. Substance use and risky sexual-behavior for exposure to HIV—issues in methodology, interpretation, and prevention. Am Psychol. 1993;48(10):1035–45. CrossRef
- Gilmore S, DeLamater J, Wagstaff D. Sexual decision making by inner city black adolescent males: a focus group study. J Sex Res. 1996;33(4):363–71. CrossRef
- Maxwell JA. Using qualitative methods for causal explanation. Field Methods. 2004;16(3):243–64. CrossRef
- Miethe TD, Drass KA. Exploring the social context of instrumental and expressive homicides: an application of qualitative comparative analysis. J Quant Criminol. 1999;15(1):1–21. CrossRef
- Schweitzer T. Actor and event orderings across time: latice representation and Boolean analysis of the political disputes in Chen Village, China. Social Netw. 1996;18:247–66. CrossRef
- Fuzzy-Set/Qualitative Comparative Analysis [computer program]. Version 2.0. Tucson, AZ: Department of Sociology, University of Arizona; 2006.
- The Use of Qualitative Comparative Analysis for Critical Event Research in Alcohol and HIV in Mumbai, India
AIDS and Behavior
Volume 14, Issue 1 Supplement, pp 113-125
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Critical event
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Institute For Community Research, 2 Hartford Square West, Ste. 100, Hartford, CT, 06106, USA
- 2. School of Social Work, St. Olaf College, Northfield, MN, USA
- 3. International Institute For Population Sciences, Mumbai, India