, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 17-24
Date: 02 Jun 2009

Concurrent Partnerships as a Driver of the HIV Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa? The Evidence is Limited

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access
This is an excerpt from the content

Introduction

Sub-Saharan Africa contains only 3% of the global population but an alarming 68% of the world’s adults and children living with HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS 2007). Sixty-eight percent of adults and children newly infected with HIV in 2007 also reside in this region (UNAIDS 2007). Although only 5% of adults are infected with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa, no other region in the world has an HIV prevalence greater than 1% (UNAIDS 2007). There is also significant heterogeneity of HIV prevalence within sub-Saharan Africa with most countries in Southern Africa having an adult prevalence that exceeds 15% and some with adult prevalence as high as 27% (UNAIDS 2007).

Demographers and epidemiologists have been puzzled for decades over what factors explain the vastly different HIV epidemics seen across the globe. Some of the many plausible factors include high rates of other sexually transmitted infections which facilitate HIV acquisition and transmission, poor access to quality health care services, ...

Commentary on: Mah T. L. and Halperin D. T. 2008. Concurrent sexual partnerships and the HIV epidemics in Africa: Evidence to move forward. AIDS and Behavior (EPub ahead of print).