Original Research

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 75-85

First online:

Gender-Specific Situational Correlates of Syringe Sharing During a Single Injection Episode

  • Travis Salway HottesAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University
  • , Julie BruneauAffiliated withCRCHUM, Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de MontréalDépartement de Médecine Familiale, Université de Montréal Email author 
  • , Mark DanielAffiliated withCRCHUM, Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de MontréalSchool of Health Sciences, University of South Australia

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Factors associated with syringe sharing differ between women and men; however, it is uncertain whether these hold within the setting of a single injection episode. A questionnaire eliciting information about the last injection episode with others present was administered to participants in a cohort of Montréal injection drug users (IDUs). Logistic regression was used to identify correlates of syringe sharing and to test potential gender differences in relation to syringe sharing. Data from 467 participants revealed significant differences between men and women with regard to situational factors; however, the relationships between situational factors and syringe sharing did not vary according to gender. In multivariate models including both genders, syringe sharing was associated with various attributes of other IDUs who were present as well as alcohol use during that specific episode. These results highlight the relevance of situational factors in injection drug use activity, regardless of gender.


Injection drug users HIV Gender Event analysis