Original Paper

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 131-136

First online:

Sexual risk-taking and HIV testing among health workers in Zambia

  • Karusa KiraguAffiliated withHorizons/PATH, General Accident House Email author 
  • , Thabale NgulubeAffiliated withInstitute of Economic and Social Research/University of Zambia
  • , Mutinta NyumbuAffiliated withSHARe Project, Zambia, Red Cross House, Los Angeles Boulevard
  • , Panganani NjobvuAffiliated withZambia Medical Association
  • , Peter EerensAffiliated withAIM Model District Program
  • , Chilufya MwabaAffiliated withZambia Health Education and Communication Trust

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Health workers (N=692) in five Zambian hospitals were interviewed to assess HIV/AIDS risk-taking and status awareness. They comprised of physicians, nurses, clinical officers and paramedics. Only 33% had been tested for HIV and only 24% said their partner had been tested. 26 percent of sexually active respondents had multiple partners; thirty-seven percent of these had not used condoms. Only 60% of respondents believed condoms were effective in preventing HIV. Women were less likely to trust or use condoms even in high-risk relationships. The data suggest a need to develop HIV/AIDS programs for health workers, with emphasis towards gender-based obstacles hampering safer behaviors.

Key Words

Health workers High-risk behavior HIV testing Zambia Hospitals