Towards a Definition of Orphaned and Vulnerable Children
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The HIV epidemic presents challenges including orphans and a large mass of children rendered vulnerable by the epidemic and other societal forces. Focus on orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) is important, but needs accurate definition. Twelve focus group interviews of service providers, leaders in these communities, OVC and their caretakers were conducted at six project sites across Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe to extend this definition. The loss of a parent through death or desertion is an important aspect of vulnerability. Additional factors leading to vulnerability included severe chronic illness of a parent or caregiver, poverty, hunger, lack of access to services, inadequate clothing or shelter, overcrowding, deficient caretakers, and factors specific to the child, including disability, direct experience of physical or sexual violence, or severe chronic illness. Important questions raised in this research include the long-term implications for the child and community, and the contribution of culture systems.
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- Towards a Definition of Orphaned and Vulnerable Children
AIDS and Behavior
Volume 10, Issue 6 , pp 619-626
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Orphaned and vulnerable children
- Sub-Saharan Africa
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS and Public Health (SAHA), Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), Private Bag X9182, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa
- 2. Dept of Education, University of Botswana, Gaberone, Botswana
- 3. National Institute of Health Research, Harare, Zimbabwe
- 4. Dept of Health and Wellness, University of Botswana, Gaberone, Botswana
- 5. Biomedical Research & Training Institute-Centre for International Health and Policy BRTI-CIHP, Harare, Zimbabwe
- 6. Minister of Health, Gaberone, Botswana