Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 70, Issue 2, pp 169-183

First online:

Differences in land cover interpretation in landscapes rich in cover gradients: reflections based on the montado of South Portugal

  • Anne M. van DoornAffiliated withDepartment of Biophysical and Landscape Planning, College Luís Verney, University of ÉvoraLandscape Centre, Alterra, Wageningen UR Email author 
  • , Teresa Pinto CorreiaAffiliated withDepartment of Biophysical and Landscape Planning, College Luís Verney, University of Évora

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This paper contributes to the discussion on current issues in methodologies of mapping land cover in the agro-silvo-pastoral landscapes of the Mediterranean. These landscapes, characterized by intermixed land use and indefinite boundaries, require particular attention in applying the patch-corridor-matrix model when classifying patches and their delineation. In a case study area in southeast Portugal, mainly characterized by agro-silvo pastoral systems, the land cover for 1990 has been mapped. The paper discusses the consequences of the complexity of some Mediterranean land use systems for land cover mapping dealing with detailed landscape dynamics. Within this scope a land cover mapping project in a small case study area is compared with the mapping undertaken within a national land cover database. Both studies were carried out on the same scale and through visual interpretation of aerial photographs. Differences in land cover classification and allocation are explored using matrix with levels of agreement. Recommendations for future land cover mapping projects are: the application of fuzzy approaches to land cover mapping in agro-silvo-pastoral landscapes should be explored and land cover classifications should be standardized in order to enhance consistency between databases. On the other hand, the fuzziness of the boundaries in this kind of landscapes is inherent to the system and should be accepted as such. The accompanying uncertainties should be taken into account when undertaking landscape analysis on the basis of land cover data.


Land cover classification montado/dehesa Thematic cartography Visual aerial photo interpretation