, Volume 51, Issue 8, pp 1242-1248
Date: 07 Jun 2008

Associations Between Exercise, Quality of Life, and Fatigue in Colorectal Cancer Survivors

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Abstract

Purpose

This study was designed to examine quality of life and fatigue in colorectal cancer survivors meeting and not meeting public health exercise guidelines.

Methods

A Canadian provincial cancer registry identified colorectal cancer survivors who were mailed a questionnaire that assessed self-reported exercise, quality of life (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Colorectal), fatigue, medical, and demographic variables.

Results

Completed questionnaires were received from 413 (61.3 percent) eligible colorectal cancer survivors. Only 25.9 percent of colorectal cancer survivors reported meeting exercise guidelines. Colorectal cancer survivors meeting public health exercise guidelines reported clinically and significantly better quality of life (mean difference, 6; 95 percent confidence interval, 2.3–9.8; P = 0.002) and fatigue (mean difference = 5.2; 95 percent confidence interval, 2.9–7.5; P < 0.001). Differences remained after adjusting for medical and demographic factors. Cancer site (i.e., colon vs. rectal) was the only variable to moderate this association (P < 0.05 for interaction).

Conclusions

Colorectal cancer survivors meeting public health exercise guidelines reported significantly and meaningfully better quality of life and fatigue scores than colorectal cancer survivors who did not meet guidelines. Prospective observational studies and randomized, controlled trials are needed to further assess the causal nature of these relationships.

Poster presentation at the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, November 1 to 4, 2006.
Supported by the University of Alberta - Social Sciences Research Grant Program. This funding agency had no role in study design, collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data, writing the report, or the decision to submit the paper for publication. Ms. Peddle is supported by Full Time Health Research Studentships from the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research. Dr. Courneya is supported by the Canada Research Chairs Program and a Research Team Grant from the National Cancer Institute of Canada with funds from the Canadian Cancer Society and the Sociobehavioral Cancer Research Network.