Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 279–287

A thermostable phytase from Bacillus sp. MD2: cloning, expression and high-level production in Escherichia coli

  • Thi Thuy Tran
  • Gashaw Mamo
  • Bo Mattiasson
  • Rajni Hatti-Kaul
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10295-009-0671-3

Cite this article as:
Tran, T.T., Mamo, G., Mattiasson, B. et al. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol (2010) 37: 279. doi:10.1007/s10295-009-0671-3

Abstract

Phytase is used as a feed additive for degradation of antinutritional phytate, and the enzyme is desired to be highly thermostable for it to withstand feed formulation conditions. A Bacillus sp. MD2 showing phytase activity was isolated, and the phytase encoding gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant phytase exhibited high stability at temperatures up to 100°C. A higher enzyme activity was obtained when the gene expression was done in the presence of calcium chloride. Production of the enzyme by batch- and fed-batch cultivation in a bioreactor was studied. In batch cultivation, maintaining dissolved oxygen at 20–30% saturation and depleting inorganic phosphate below 1 mM prior to induction by IPTG resulted in over 10 U/ml phytase activity. For fed–batch cultivation, glucose concentration was maintained at 2–3 g/l, and the phytase expression was increased to 327 U/ml. Induction using lactose during fed-batch cultivation showed a lag phase of 4 h prior to an increase in the phytase activity to 71 U/ml during the same period as IPTG-induced production. Up to 90% of the total amount of expressed phytase leaked out from the E. coli cells in both IPTG- and lactose-induced fed-batch cultivations.

Keywords

Alkaline phytaseBacillus sp.Fed-batch cultivationProtein secretion

Copyright information

© Society for Industrial Microbiology 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thi Thuy Tran
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gashaw Mamo
    • 1
  • Bo Mattiasson
    • 1
  • Rajni Hatti-Kaul
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.Biotechnology and Microbiology DepartmentHanoi National University of EducationHanoiVietnam