Development of an integrated support system for hereditary cancer and its impact on gynecologic services
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- Morii-Kashima, M., Tsubamoto, H., Sato, C. et al. Int J Clin Oncol (2014) 19: 1043. doi:10.1007/s10147-013-0649-z
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Patients with hereditary cancer need an integrated support system. A recently launched project was evaluated in terms of its efficacy in screening patients with hereditary cancer at the gynecologic service.
The project team comprised gynecologists, surgeons, medical geneticists, and certified genetic counselors (CGCs) in our hospital. At the gynecologic service, a newly developed self-administered family history questionnaire (SAFHQ) was given to patients with ovarian, endometrial, or breast cancer as well as a history of multiple cancers. After an interview, a CGC constructed a pedigree and evaluated the risk for hereditary cancer. Patients at risk were recommended by a gynecologist to receive further genetic counseling at the Department of Genetics according to the modified Bethesda criteria, Amsterdam II criteria, and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines 2012 for breast–ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC). The numbers of newly screened patients were compared before and after the project launch.
The SAFHQ was administered to 131 patients and 106 (81 %) pedigrees were constructed between August 2012 and July 2013. The number of newly screened patients according to the Bethesda criteria was 4 and 8 at 10 years before and 1 year after the project launch, respectively. Two and 31 patients met the NCCN criteria for HBOC excluding ovarian cancer alone, respectively, at these 2 time points. Of 54 patients who were recommended to undergo further counseling, 10 (19 %) visited the Department of Genetics.
After the launch of an integrated support system, the number of patients with hereditary cancers who were screened increased. The gynecologic service played a pivotal role in patient and family care.