# Separating doubly nonnegative and completely positive matrices

## Authors

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DOI: 10.1007/s10107-011-0485-8

- Cite this article as:
- Dong, H. & Anstreicher, K. Math. Program. (2013) 137: 131. doi:10.1007/s10107-011-0485-8

## Abstract

The cone of Completely Positive (CP) matrices can be used to exactly formulate a variety of NP-Hard optimization problems. A tractable relaxation for CP matrices is provided by the cone of Doubly Nonnegative (DNN) matrices; that is, matrices that are both positive semidefinite and componentwise nonnegative. A natural problem in the optimization setting is then to separate a given DNN but non-CP matrix from the cone of CP matrices. We describe two different constructions for such a separation that apply to 5 × 5 matrices that are DNN but non-CP. We also describe a generalization that applies to larger DNN but non-CP matrices having block structure. Computational results illustrate the applicability of these separation procedures to generate improved bounds on difficult problems.