Date: 16 Jun 2009

Clinical features of chronic C virus hepatitis in patients with celiac disease

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The association between celiac disease (CD) and several liver disorders has long been documented. About 40% of adult celiac patients have been reported to have mild to moderate hypertransaminasemia (up to five times the upper limit of normal) at the time of diagnosis of CD [1, 2]. In addition, CD has been found in roughly 10% of patients with unexplained hypertransaminasemia, and the majority of them have had their liver enzyme levels normalized after one year of following a strict gluten-free diet [3, 4]. In addition, an increased prevalence of primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, and autoimmune hepatitis among CD patients has been reported [5, 6]. CD might also be linked to very severe liver conditions such as end-stage liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma [7]. There is also evidence, even contrasting reports, about the association of CD with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and fatty liver disease [8].

In contrast, no definitive evidence is available about the ...