, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 619-621
Date: 03 Jan 2014

A case of strio-pallido-dentate calcinosis associated with micromolecular myeloma

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Fahr’s disease (FD) is a neurodegenerative disease whose aetiology is unknown, characterized by neuropsychiatric and motor problems associated with symmetrical, bilateral calcification of the basal ganglia. A drop in the metabolism and cerebral flow is deemed to be responsible for the onset of psychiatric and motor problems, cognitive deficit, painful symptoms and altered state of consciousness. The term Fahr’s syndrome (FS) is used when an etiological cause responsible for calcification can be identified. Fahr’s syndrome is associated with extremely diverse clinical conditions: calcium/phosphate metabolism disorders (hypo-hyperparathyroidism, pseudo-hypoparathyroidism), systemic lupus erythematosus, encephalitis and neoplasms [1].

Here, we describe clinical and radiological findings of a case of FS associated with micromolecular myeloma and hypothesize that bone remodelling could encourage the depositing of calcium at an intracerebral level as a result of an increase in the levels ...