Feature Article

Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 1493-1504

First online:

The role and fate of female electrochemists in the Soviet Union: Ol’ga Al’fredovna Songina—a pioneer of electrochemical solid-state analysis and Yevgeniya Nikolayevna Varasova—a pioneer of polarography

  • Fritz ScholzAffiliated withInstitut für Biochemie, Universität Greifswald Email author 

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Women played and still play an outstanding role in the development of electrochemistry and electroanalysis at the universities and research institutes of the former Soviet Union. This paper is focussed on the life and achievements of Ol’ga Al’fredovna Songina and her contributions to the development of solid-state electroanalysis are discussed. Yevgeniya Nikolayevna Varasova, a guest scientist who worked with Jaroslav Heyrovský in Prague from 1927 to 1930 became the pioneer of polarography in the Soviet Union. She was executed during the great purges in 1938.


Solid-state electroanalysis Polarography History of science Songina Varasova