, Volume 15, Issue 7-8, pp 1623-1630

History of lithium batteries

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General introduction

The evolution of any device is obviously influenced by its general history and this applies also for lithium batteries. As well known, a battery or, more precisely, an electrochemical cell is a device that enables the energy liberated in a chemical reaction to be converted directly into electricity.

Although there is some belief that the electrochemical battery had its birth in the first century BC by the discovery of the so-called “Baghdad Battery”, a vessel founded during archeological excavation in a zone near Bagdad and attributed to the Persian civilization [1, 2], it is now almost universally accepted to have been the works of Luigi Galvani at the University of Bologna, Italy and of Alessandro Volta at the University of Pavia, Italy that at the end of the eighteenth century made the electrochemical cell widely known to humanity. This important discovery actually resulted from a dispute between the two scientists. By his classic experiment where he observed that