, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 310-319
Date: 25 Aug 2007

Association analysis of the polymorphisms of the VDR gene with bone mineral density and the occurrence of fractures

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Associations of the FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene with the bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar part of the spinal column (BMD LS) and the neck of the femur (BMD FN), and with the occurrence of fractures, were studied using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis on DNA isolated from peripheral blood of 239 women and 40 men from the region of western Poland. Three polymorphisms of the 3′ end of the VDR gene (BsmI, ApaI, TaqI) indicated a strong linkage disequilibrium. Association analysis of the VDR gene FokI polymorphism with BMD LS showed a dose effect of allele f. The association of the bAT haplotype of the BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI polymorphisms of the VDR gene with BMD FN was statistically significant. The association of the ApaI polymorphism with the occurrence of fractures was observed. Associations were also observed between the occurrence of fractures and the baT haplotypes of the VDR gene.