Original Article

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 131-142

First online:

Prediction of ship steering capabilities with a fully nonlinear ship motion model. Part 1: Maneuvering in calm water

  • Ray-Qing LinAffiliated withHydromechanics Department, David Taylor Model Basin, NSWCCD Email author 
  • , Michael HughesAffiliated withHydromechanics Department, David Taylor Model Basin, NSWCCD
  • , Tim SmithAffiliated withHydromechanics Department, David Taylor Model Basin, NSWCCD

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This paper introduces a new method for the prediction of ship maneuvering capabilities. The new method is added to a nonlinear six-degrees-of-freedom ship motion model named the digital, self-consistent ship experimental laboratory (DiSSEL). Based on the first principles of physics, when the ship is steered, the additional surge and sway forces and the yaw moment from the deflected rudder are computed. The rudder forces and moments are computed using rudder parameters such as the rudder area and the local flow velocity at the rudder, which includes contributions from the ship velocity and the propeller slipstream. The rudder forces and moments are added to the forces and moments on the hull, which are used to predict the motion of the ship in DiSSEL. The resulting motions of the ship influence the inflow into the rudder and thereby influence the force and moment on the rudder at each time step. The roll moment and resulting heel angle on the ship as it maneuvers are also predicted. Calm water turning circle predictions are presented and correlated with model test data for NSWCCD model 5514, a pre-contract DDG-51 hull form. Good correlations are shown for both the turning circle track and the heel angle of the model during the turn. The prediction for a ship maneuvering in incident waves will be presented in Part 2. DiSSEL can be applied for any arbitrary hull geometry. No empirical parameterization is used, except for the influence of the propeller slipstream on the rudder, which is included using a flow acceleration factor.


Ship steering capabilities Maneuvering Seakeeping Rudder angle Rudder force Roll motion Comparison of the numerical solution and experimental data