Original contribution

Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 121-130

Multicentre prospective study of perinatal depression in Japan: incidence and correlates of antenatal and postnatal depression

  • T. KitamuraAffiliated withDepartment of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
  • , K. YoshidaAffiliated withDepartment of Neuropsychiatry, Kyushu University Hospital
  • , T. OkanoAffiliated withCentre for Health Mie University
  • , K. KinoshitaAffiliated withDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Juntendo University School of Medicine
  • , M. HayashiAffiliated withCenter for Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical School
  • , N. ToyodaAffiliated withMie University
  • , M. ItoAffiliated withDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mie University School of Medicine
  • , N. KudoAffiliated withDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
  • , K. TadaAffiliated withDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Hospital Organization Okayama Medical Center
    • , K. KanazawaAffiliated withDepartment of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical SciencesDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus
    • , K. SakumotoAffiliated withDepartment of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical SciencesDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus
    • , S. SatohAffiliated withDepartment of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical SciencesMaternity and Perinatal Care Unit, Kyushu University Hospital
    • , T. FurukawaAffiliated withDepartment of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical SciencesDepartment of Psychiatry and Cognitive-Behavioral Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
    • , H. NakanoAffiliated withDepartment of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical SciencesDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University

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Summary

A multicentre study on the epidemiology of perinatal depression was conducted among Japanese women expecting the first baby (N = 290). The incidence rate of the onset of the DSM-III-R Major Depressive Episode during pregnancy (antenatal depression) and within 3 months after delivery (postnatal depression) were 5.6% and 5.0%, respectively. Women with antenatal depression were characterised by young age and negative attitude towards the current pregnancy, whereas women with postnatal depression were characterised by poor accommodation, dissatisfaction with sex of the newborn baby and with the emotional undermining. Antenatal depression was a major risk factor for postnatal depression.

Keywords: Antenatal depression; postnatal depression; epidemiology.