Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 121–130

Multicentre prospective study of perinatal depression in Japan: incidence and correlates of antenatal and postnatal depression


  • T. Kitamura
    • Department of Clinical Behavioural SciencesKumamoto University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
  • K. Yoshida
    • Department of NeuropsychiatryKyushu University Hospital
  • T. Okano
    • Centre for Health Mie University
  • K. Kinoshita
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyJuntendo University School of Medicine
  • M. Hayashi
    • Center for Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical School
  • N. Toyoda
    • Mie University
  • M. Ito
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyMie University School of Medicine
  • N. Kudo
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyOkayama University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
  • K. Tada
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyNational Hospital Organization Okayama Medical Center
  • K. Kanazawa
    • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of the Ryukyus
  • K. Sakumoto
    • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of the Ryukyus
  • S. Satoh
    • Maternity and Perinatal Care UnitKyushu University Hospital
  • T. Furukawa
    • Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive-Behavioral MedicineNagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
  • H. Nakano
    • Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGraduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
Original contribution

DOI: 10.1007/s00737-006-0122-3

Cite this article as:
Kitamura, T., Yoshida, K., Okano, T. et al. Arch Womens Ment Health (2006) 9: 121. doi:10.1007/s00737-006-0122-3


A multicentre study on the epidemiology of perinatal depression was conducted among Japanese women expecting the first baby (N = 290). The incidence rate of the onset of the DSM-III-R Major Depressive Episode during pregnancy (antenatal depression) and within 3 months after delivery (postnatal depression) were 5.6% and 5.0%, respectively. Women with antenatal depression were characterised by young age and negative attitude towards the current pregnancy, whereas women with postnatal depression were characterised by poor accommodation, dissatisfaction with sex of the newborn baby and with the emotional undermining. Antenatal depression was a major risk factor for postnatal depression.

Keywords: Antenatal depression; postnatal depression; epidemiology.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006