Li, J.L. Monatsh Math (2013) 169: 397. doi:10.1007/s00605-012-0451-4

Abstract

The self-affine measure \(\mu _{M,D}\) relating to an expanding matrix \(M\in M_{n}(\mathbb Z )\) and a finite digit set \(D\subset \mathbb Z ^n\) is a unique probability measure satisfying the self-affine identity with equal weight. In the present paper, we shall study the spectrality of \(\mu _{M,D}\) in the case when \(|\det (M)|=p\) is a prime. The main result shows that under certain mild conditions, if there are two points \(s_{1}, s_{2}\in \mathbb R ^{n}, s_{1}-s_{2}\in \mathbb Z ^{n}\) such that the exponential functions \(e_{s_{1}}(x), e_{s_{2}}(x)\) are orthogonal in \(L^{2}(\mu _{M,D})\), then the self-affine measure \(\mu _{M,D}\) is a spectral measure with lattice spectrum. This gives some sufficient conditions for a self-affine measure to be a lattice spectral measure.

Keywords

Iterated function systemSelf-affine measureSpectrality