Local minimizers in micromagnetics and related problems
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Let \(\Omega \subset{\bf R}^3\) be a smooth bounded domain and consider the energy functional
\({\mathcal J}_{\varepsilon} (m; \Omega) := \int_{\Omega} \left ( \frac{1}{2 \varepsilon} Dm^2 + \psi(m) + \frac{1}{2} hm^2 \right) dx + \frac{1}{2} \int_{{\bf R}^3} h_m^2 dx. \)
Here \(\varepsilon>0\) is a small parameter and the admissible function m lies in the Sobolev space of vectorvalued functions \(W^{1,2}(\Omega;{\bf R}^3)\) and satisfies the pointwise constraint \(m(x)=1\) for a.e. \(x \in \Omega\) . The induced magnetic field \(h_m \in L^2({\bf R}^3;{\bf R}^3)\) is related to m via Maxwell's equations and the function \(\psi:{\bf S}^2 \to{\bf R}\) is assumed to be a sufficiently smooth, nonnegative energy density with a multiwell structure. Finally \(h \in{\bf R}^3\) is a constant vector. The energy functional \({\mathcal J}_{\varepsilon}\) arises from the continuum model for ferromagnetic materials known as micromagnetics developed by W.F. Brown [9].
In this paper we aim to construct local energy minimizers for this functional. Our approach is based on studying the corresponding EulerLagrange equation and proving a local existence result for this equation around a fixed constant solution. Our main device for doing so is a suitable version of the implicit function theorem. We then show that these solutions are local minimizers of \({\mathcal J}_{\varepsilon}\) in appropriate topologies by use of certain sufficiency theorems for local minimizers.
Our analysis is applicable to a much broader class of functionals than the ones introduced above and on the way to proving our main results we reflect on some related problems.
 Title
 Local minimizers in micromagnetics and related problems
 Journal

Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations
Volume 14, Issue 1 , pp 127
 Cover Date
 20020101
 DOI
 10.1007/s005260100085
 Print ISSN
 09442669
 Online ISSN
 14320835
 Publisher
 SpringerVerlag
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