Plant Reproduction

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 267–285

De novo zygotic transcription in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) includes genes encoding small putative secreted peptides and a protein involved in proteasomal degradation

  • Dunja Leljak-Levanić
  • Martina Juranić
  • Stefanie Sprunck
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00497-013-0229-4

Cite this article as:
Leljak-Levanić, D., Juranić, M. & Sprunck, S. Plant Reprod (2013) 26: 267. doi:10.1007/s00497-013-0229-4


Wheat is one of the world’s most important crops, and increasing grain yield is a major challenge for the future. Still, our knowledge about the molecular machineries responsible for early post-fertilization events such as zygotic reprogramming, the initial cell-specification events during embryogenesis, and the intercellular communication between the early embryo and the developing endosperm is very limited. Here, we describe the identification of de novo transcribed genes in the wheat zygote. We used wheat ovaries of defined post-fertilization stages to isolate zygotes and early embryos, and identified genes that are specifically induced in these particular stages. Importantly, we observed that some of the zygotic-induced genes encode proteins with similarity to secreted signaling peptides such as TAPETUM DETERMINANT 1 and EGG APPARATUS 1, and to MATH-BTB proteins which are known substrate-binding adaptors for the Cullin3-based ubiquitin E3 ligase. This suggests that both cell–cell signaling and targeted proteasomal degradation may be important molecular events during zygote formation and the progression of early embryogenesis.


WheatZygoteProembryoCell–cell communicationCell specificationPolarityEA1TPD1MATH-BTB

Supplementary material

497_2013_229_MOESM1_ESM.docx (107 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 107 kb)
497_2013_229_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (32 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 33 kb)
497_2013_229_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (176 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 176 kb)
497_2013_229_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (100 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 99 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dunja Leljak-Levanić
    • 1
  • Martina Juranić
    • 1
  • Stefanie Sprunck
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science and MathematicsUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Cell Biology and Plant Biochemistry, Biochemie-Zentrum RegensburgUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany