, Volume 123, Issue 4, pp 371-378
Date: 06 Mar 2008

Pax6 3′ deletion results in aniridia, autism and mental retardation

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The PAX6 gene is a transcription factor expressed early in development, predominantly in the eye, brain and gut. It is well known that mutations in PAX6 may result in aniridia, Peter’s anomaly and kertatisis. Here, we present mutation analysis of a patient with aniridia, autism and mental retardation. We identified and characterized a 1.3 Mb deletion that disrupts PAX6 transcriptional activity and deletes additional genes expressed in the brain. Our findings provide continued evidence for the role of PAX6 in neural phenotypes associated with aniridia.