Parasitology Research

, Volume 111, Issue 5, pp 1907–1912

Tunga penetrans and further parasites in the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) from Minas Gerais, Brazil

  • Raphael Frank
  • Christian Melaun
  • Maria Marlene Martins
  • André Luiz Quagliatto Santos
  • Jörg Heukelbach
  • Sven Klimpel
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00436-012-3036-1

Cite this article as:
Frank, R., Melaun, C., Martins, M.M. et al. Parasitol Res (2012) 111: 1907. doi:10.1007/s00436-012-3036-1

Abstract

The Brazilian savannah-like area, the Cerrado region, covers large areas of the country and provides a habitat for a multitude of different animal species. The giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) is geographically widespread and one of the typical inhabitants of the Cerrado. They are listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. A population loss of at least 30 % over the past 10 years has been estimated based on local extinctions, habitat loss and deaths caused by fires, roadkills and hunting. Little is known about ecological and in particular parasitic conditions of this highly specialised insectivore species. During September and November 2010 we examined three roadkilled giant anteater for the presence of metazoan ecto- and endoparasites. Besides the cestode species Oochoristica tetragonocephala and the tick species Amblyomma nodosum, we found for the first time the flea Tunga penetrans. Beside morphological flea species identification, we compared a fragment of the 16S rRNA gene of eggs, a molecular method utilised for the first time in this combination. The identification of T. penetrans in M. tridactyla represents a new host record and expands the host and distribution range of the zoonotic flea species.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raphael Frank
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Christian Melaun
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Maria Marlene Martins
    • 4
  • André Luiz Quagliatto Santos
    • 4
  • Jörg Heukelbach
    • 5
  • Sven Klimpel
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Medical Biodiversity and ParasitologyBiodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F)Frankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung (SGN)Frankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Ecology, Evolution and DiversityGoethe University (GO)Frankfurt am MainGermany
  4. 4.Faculdade de Medicina VeterináriaUniversidade Federal de UberlândiaUberlândiaBrazil
  5. 5.Departamento de Saúde Comunitária, Faculdade de MedicinaUniversidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil

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