Parasitology Research

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 171–174

Strong larvicidal activity of three species of Spilanthes (Akarkara) against malaria (Anopheles stephensi Liston, Anopheles culicifacies, species C) and filaria vector (Culex quinquefasciatus Say)


  • Vibha Pandey
    • Department of BotanyUniversity of Delhi
    • Department of BotanyUniversity of Delhi
  • K. Raghavendra
    • National Institute of Malaria Research
  • A. P. Dash
    • National Institute of Malaria Research
Short Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s00436-007-0763-9

Cite this article as:
Pandey, V., Agrawal, V., Raghavendra, K. et al. Parasitol Res (2007) 102: 171. doi:10.1007/s00436-007-0763-9


A system for biocontrol of malaria and filarial mosquito vectors has been developed using herbal extracts of three Spilanthes species, S. acmella L.var oleraceae Clarke, S. calva L. and S. paniculata Wall ex DC. Cent percent mortalities was achieved against the late third/early fourth instar larvae of A. stephensi Liston, A. culicifacies species C and C. quinquefasciatus Say using crude hexane extract obtained from flower heads of Spilanthes spp. Of the three plant species, S. acmella extract proved to be the most effective in inducing complete lethality at minimum doses, the respective LC50 and LC90 values being 4.57 and 7.83 (A. stephensi), 0.87 and 1.92 (A. culicifacies) and 3.11and 8.89 ppm (C. quinquefasciatus). This was followed by S. calva and S. paniculata extracts, respectively. This is the first report of achieving cent percent lethality against these mosquito larvae using minimal doses of plant extracts from this or any other plant species.

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© Springer-Verlag 2007