Allan, L. G. (1980). A note on measurement of contingency between two binary variables in judgment task. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society
, 147–149.Google Scholar
Allan, L. G. (1993). Human contingency judgments: Rule based or associative? Psychological Bulletin
, 435–448.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Allan, L. G. & Jenkins, H. M. (1980). The judgment of contingency and the nature of the response alternatives. Canadian Journal of Psychology
, 1–11.Google Scholar
Beckers, T., De Houwer, J., & Eelen, P. (2002). Automatic integration of non-perceptual action effect features: The case of the associative affective Simon effect. Psychological Research/Psychologische Forschung
, 166–173.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Brogden, W. J. (1962). Contiguous conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology
, 172–176.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Chatlosh, D. L., Neunaber, D. J., & Wasserman, E. A. (1985). Response-outcome contingency: Behavioral and judgmental effects of appetitive and aversive outcomes with college students. Learning and Motivation
, 1–34.Google Scholar
Davey, G. C. L. (1983). An associative view of human classical conditioning. In G. C. L. Davey (Ed.), Animal models of human behavior (pp. 95–114). Chichester: Wiley.
Dickinson, A., & Charnock, D. J. (1985). Contingency effects with maintained instrumental reinforcement. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
, 397–416.Google Scholar
Dickinson, A., & Shanks, D. R. (1985). Animal conditioning and human causality judgment. In L.-G. Nilsson & T. Archer (Eds.), Perspectives on learning and memory (pp. 167–191). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Einhorn, H. J., & Hogarth, R. M. (1986). Judging probable cause. Psychological Bulletin
, 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elsner, B., & Aschersleben, G. (in press). Do I get what you get? Learning about the effects of self-performed and observed actions in infancy. Consciousness & Cognition.
Elsner, B., & Hommel, B. (2001). Effect anticipation and action control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
, 229–240.Google Scholar
Elsner, B., Hommel, B., Mentschel, C., Drzezga, A., Prinz, W., Conrad, B., & Siebner, H.R. (2002). Linking actions and their perceivable consequences in the human brain. NeuroImage
, 364–372.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Gallese, V., Fadiga, L., Fogassi, L., & Rizzolatti, G. (1996). Action recognition in the premotor cortex. Brain
, 593–609.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Gergely, G., & Watson, J. S. (1999). Early social-emotional development: Contingency perception and the social biofeedback model. In P. Rochat (Ed.), Early social cognition (pp. 101–136). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Grice, G. R. (1948). The relation of secondary reinforcement to delayed reward in visual discrimination learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology
, 1–16.Google Scholar
Gruber, H. E., Fink, C. D. & Damm, V. (1957). Effects of experience on perception of causality. Journal of Experimental Psychology
, 89–93.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Haggard, P., Aschersleben, G., Gehrke, J., & Prinz, W. (2002). Action, binding, and awareness. In Prinz, W., & Hommel, B. (Eds.), Common mechanisms in perception and action: Attention & Performance XIX (pp. 266–285). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hammond, L. J. (1980). The effect of contingency upon the appetitive conditioning of free operant behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
, 297–304.Google Scholar
Hazeltine, E. (2002). The representational nature of sequence learning: Evidence for goal-based codes. In W. Prinz & B. Hommel (Eds.), Common mechanisms in perception and action: Attention & Performance XIX (pp. 673–689). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hebb, D. O. (1949). The organization of behavior. New York: Wiley.
Hoffmann, J., Sebald, A., & Stoecker, C. (2001). Irrelevant response effects improve serial learning in serial reaction time tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition
, 470–482.Google Scholar
Hommel, B. (1993). Inverting the Simon effect by intention: Determinants of direction and extent of effects of irrelevant spatial information. Psychological Research
, 270–279.Google Scholar
Hommel, B. (1994). Spontaneous decay of response-code activation. Psychological Research
, 261–268.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Hommel, B. (1996). The cognitive representation of action: Automatic integration of perceived action effects. Psychological Research
, 176–186.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Hommel, B. (1997). Toward an action-concept model of stimulus-response compatibility. In B. Hommel & W. Prinz (Eds.), Theoretical issues in stimulus-response compatibility (pp. 281–320). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
Hommel, B. (1998). Perceiving one’s own action—and what it leads to. In J. S. Jordan (Ed.), Systems theories and a priori aspects of perception (pp. 143–179). Amsterdam: North-Holland.
Hommel, B. (2003a). Acquisition and control of voluntary action. In S. Maasen, W. Prinz & G. Roth (Eds.), Voluntary action: Brains, minds, and sociality
(pp. 34–48). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hommel, B. (2003b). Coloring an action: Intending to produce color events eliminates the Stroop effect. Psychological Research (in press).
Hommel, B., Alonso, D., & Fuentes, L. (2001). Acquisition and generalization of action effects
. Talk presented at the 12th Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology. Edinburgh, Scotland, September 2001.Google Scholar
Hume, D. (1739/1964). Treatise of human nature. London: Oxford University Press.
James, W. (1890). The principles of psychology. New York: Dover.
Jenkins, H. M., & Ward, W. C. (1965). Judgment of contingency between responses and outcomes. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied
, 1–17.Google Scholar
Kaplan, P. S., & Hearst, E. (1982). Bridging temporal gaps between CS and US in autoshaping: Insertion of other stimuli before, during, and after CS. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
, 187–203.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Kunde, W., Hoffmann, J., & Zellmann, P. (2002). The impact of anticipated action effects on action planning. Acta Psychologica
, 137–155.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Meck, W. H. (1985). Postreinforcement signal processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
, 52–70.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Murata A., Gallese V., Luppino G., Kaseda M., & Sakata H. (2000). Selectivity for the shape, size, and orientation of objects for grasping in neurons of monkey parietal area AIP. Journal of Neurophysiology
, 2580–2601.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Pavlov, I. P. (1927). Conditioned reflexes. London: Oxford University Press.
Piaget, J. (1952). The origins of intelligence in children. New York: International Universities Press.
Prinz, W. (1997). Perception and action planning. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology
, 129–154.Google Scholar
Reed, P. (1992). Effect of a signaled delay between an action and outcome of human judgement of causality. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
, 81–100.Google Scholar
Reed, P. (1999). Role of a stimulus filling an action-outcome delay in human judgments of causal effectiveness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
, 92–102.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Reed, P., & Reilly, S. (1990). Context extinction following conditioning with delayed reward enhances subsequent instrumental responding. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
, 48–55.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Rescorla, R. A. (1967). Pavlovian conditioning and its proper control procedures. Psychological Review
, 71–80.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Rescorla, R. A. (1982). Effect of a stimulus intervening between CS and US in autoshaping. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
, 131–141.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Rescorla, R. A. (1992). Response-outcome vs. outcome-response associations in instrumental learning. Animal Learning and Behavior
, 223–232.Google Scholar
Rochat, P. (1998). Self-perception and action in infancy. Experimental Brain Research
, 102–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seggie, J. (1975). The empirical observation of the Piagetian concept of correlation. Canadian Journal of Psychology
, 32–42.Google Scholar
Seligman, M. E. P., Maier, S. F., & Solomon, R. L. (1971). Unpredictable and uncontrollable aversive events. In F. R. Brush (Ed.), Aversive conditioning and learning (pp. 347–400). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Shaklee, H., & Mims, M. (1982). Sources of error in judging event covariations: Effects of memory demands. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
, 208–224.Google Scholar
Shaklee, H., & Wasserman, E. A. (1986). Judging interevent contingencies: Being right for the wrong causes. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society
, 91–94.Google Scholar
Shaklee, H., Holt, P., Elek S., & Hall, L. (1988). Covariation judgment: Improving rule use among children, adolescents, and adults. Child Development
, 755–768.Google Scholar
Shanks, D. R. (1989). Selectional processes in causality judgment. Memory and Cognition
, 27–34.Google Scholar
Shanks, D. R. (1993). Human instrumental learning: A critical review of data and theory. British Journal of Psychology
, 319–354.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Shanks, D. R., & Dickinson, A. (1987). Associative accounts of causality judgment. The Psychology of Learning and Motivation
, 229–261.Google Scholar
Shanks, D. R., & Dickinson, A. (1991). Instrumental judgment and performance under variations in action-outcome contingency and contiguity. Memory and Cognition
, 353–360.Google Scholar
Shanks, D. R., Pearson, S. M., & Dickinson, A. (1989). Temporal contiguity and the judgment of causality by human subjects. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
, 139–159.Google Scholar
Simon, J. R., & Rudell, A. P. (1967). Auditory S-R compatibility: The effect of an irrelevant cue on information processing. Journal of Applied Psychology
, 300–304.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Stock, A., & Hoffmann, J. (2002). Intentional fixation of behavioural learning, or how R-O learning blocks S-R learning. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology
, 127–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stoet, G., & Hommel, B. (1999). Action planning and the temporal binding of response codes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
, 1625–1640.Google Scholar
Thorndike, E. L. (1927). The law of effect. American Journal of Psychology
, 212–222.Google Scholar
Tolman, E. C., Hall, C. S., & Bretnall, E. P. (1932). A disproof of the law of effect and a substitution of the laws of emphasis, motivation and disruption. Journal of Experimental Psychology
, 601–614.Google Scholar
Trapold, M. A. (1970). Are expectancies based upon different reinforcing events discriminably different? Learning and Motivation
, 129–140.Google Scholar
Urcuioli, P. J., & DeMarse, T. (1996). Associative processes in differential outcome discriminations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
, 192–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waldmann, M. R., & Holyoak, K. J. (1992). Predictive and diagnostic learning within causal models: Asymmetries in cue competition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
, 222–236.Google Scholar
Walker, E. L. (1969). Reinforcement—”The one ring.” In J. T. Tapp (Ed.), Reinforcement and behavior (pp. 47–62). New York: Academic Press.
Wasserman, E. A. (1990). Detecting response-outcome relations: Toward an understanding of the causal texture of the environment. The Psychology of Learning and Motivation
, 27–82.Google Scholar
Wasserman, E. A., & Miller, R. R. (1997). What’s elementary about associative learning? Annual Review of Psychology
, 573–607.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
Wasserman, E. A., & Shaklee, H. (1984). Judging response-outcome relations: The role of response-outcome contingency, outcome probability, and method of information presentation. Memory and Cognition
, 270–286.Google Scholar
Young, M. E. (1995). On the origin of personal causal theories. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
, 83–104.Google Scholar
Ziessler, M. (1998). Response-effect learning as a major component of implicit serial learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition
, 962–978.Google Scholar
Ziessler, M., & Nattkemper, D. (2001). Learning of event sequences is based on response-effect learning: Further evidence from a serial reaction task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition
, 595–613.Google Scholar
Ziessler, M., & Nattkemper, D. (2002). Effect anticipation in action planning. In W. Prinz & B. Hommel (Eds.), Common mechanisms in perception and action: Attention & Performance XIX (pp. 645–672). Oxford: Oxford University Press.