Review

Planta

, Volume 238, Issue 5, pp 807-818

Nematode feeding sites: unique organs in plant roots

  • Tina KyndtAffiliated withDepartment Molecular Biotechnology, Ghent University (UGent)
  • , Paulo VieiraAffiliated withInstitut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR 1355 ISA, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 7254 ISA, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, UMR ISANemaLab, ICAAM, Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora
  • , Godelieve GheysenAffiliated withDepartment Molecular Biotechnology, Ghent University (UGent) Email author 
  • , Janice de Almeida-EnglerAffiliated withInstitut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR 1355 ISA, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 7254 ISA, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, UMR ISA Email author 

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Abstract

Although generally unnoticed, nearly all crop plants have one or more species of nematodes that feed on their roots, frequently causing tremendous yield losses. The group of sedentary nematodes, which are among the most damaging plant-parasitic nematodes, cause the formation of special organs called nematode feeding sites (NFS) in the root tissue. In this review we discuss key metabolic and cellular changes correlated with NFS development, and similarities and discrepancies between different types of NFS are highlighted.

Keywords

Sedentary nematode Giant cell Syncytium Phytohormones