, Volume 237, Issue 2, pp 389-398

First online:

Emerging facets of plastid division regulation

  • Indranil BasakAffiliated withDepartment of Biological Sciences, St John’s University
  • , Simon Geir MøllerAffiliated withDepartment of Biological Sciences, St John’s UniversityNorwegian Centre for Movement Disorders, Stavanger University HospitalCentre for Organelle Research, University of Stavanger Email author 


Plastids are complex organelles that are integrated into the plant host cell where they differentiate and divide in tune with plant differentiation and development. In line with their prokaryotic origin, plastid division involves both evolutionary conserved proteins and proteins of eukaryotic origin where the host has acquired control over the process. The plastid division apparatus is spatially separated between the stromal and the cytosolic space but where clear coordination mechanisms exist between the two machineries. Our knowledge of the plastid division process has increased dramatically during the past decade and recent findings have not only shed light on plastid division enzymology and the formation of plastid division complexes but also on the integration of the division process into a multicellular context. This review summarises our current knowledge of plastid division with an emphasis on biochemical features, the functional assembly of protein complexes and regulatory features of the overall process.


Plastid division Protein complexes Regulation