Bisphenol A concentrations in maternal breast milk and infant urine
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The present report describes the distribution of breast milk and urinary free and total bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations, from 27 postpartum women and their 31 infants, and explores the influence of age, sex, and nutritional source on infant BPA urinary concentration.
Both free (unconjugated) and total (free plus conjugated) BPA concentrations from women’s breast milk samples and infants’ urine samples were measured by online solid-phase extraction coupled to high-performance liquid chromatography–isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry. Descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests of group comparisons were conducted.
Total BPA was detected in 93 % of urine samples in this healthy infant population aged 3–15 months who were without known environmental exposure to BPA [interquartile range (IQR) = 1.2–4.4 μg/L)]. Similarly, 75 % of the mothers’ breast milk samples had detectable concentrations of total BPA (IQR = 0.4–1.4 μg/L). The magnitude and frequency of detection of free BPA in the children’s urine and the mothers’ breast milk were much lower than the total concentrations.
Total BPA was detected in 93 % of this healthy infant population aged 3–15 months who are without known environmental exposure to BPA. Neither free nor total BPA urinary concentrations differed significantly by infant’s sex or by nutritional source (breast milk and/or formula) while age group was of borderline significance. There were no significant correlations between free or total BPA concentrations in mothers’ breast milk and their infants’ urine.
- Bisphenol A concentrations in maternal breast milk and infant urine
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Volume 87, Issue 1 , pp 13-20
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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- Bisphenol A
- Breast milk
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Nursing Programs, School of Nursing and Health Sciences, Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Science Building, Room 314, Boston, MA, 02115, USA
- 2. Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA
- 3. National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA
- 4. Population Studies Division, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch Health Canada, 50 Colombine Drive, AL 0801A, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0K9, Canada