, Volume 83, Issue 6, pp 817-830
Date: 22 Nov 2012

Dynamic characteristics of a rub-impact rotor-bearing system for hydraulic generating set under unbalanced magnetic pull

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Abstract

Electromagnetic and mechanical forces are main reasons resulting in vibrations in hydraulic generating set. The non-symmetric air-gap between the rotor and stator creates an attraction force called unbalanced magnetic pull (UMP). The UMP can produce large oscillations which will be dangerous to the machines. In this paper, the nonlinear dynamic characteristics of a rotor-bearing system with rub-impact for hydraulic generating set under the UMP are studied. The rubbing model is established based on the classic impact theory. Through the numerical calculation, the excitation current, mass eccentricity, stiffness of shaft and radial stiffness of stator are used as control parameters to investigate their effect on the system, by means of bifurcation diagrams, Poincaré maps, trajectories and frequency spectrums. Various nonlinear phenomena including periodic, quasi-periodic and chaotic motions are observed. The results reveal that the UMP has significant influence in the response of the rotor system that the continuous increase in the excitation current induces the alternation of quasi-periodic and chaotic motions, the co-occurrence of oil whip and rub in a wide excitation range aggravates the vibration and leads to the instability of the system. In addition, the large eccentricity and radial stiffness of stator, as well as the small stiffness of shaft may lead to the occurrence of full annular rubbing while increasing the stiffness of the shaft can play an important role of suppressing the chaotic motion, reducing the vibration and improving stability of the system.