, Volume 282, Issue 5, pp 577-580
Date: 25 Jun 2010

Diagnosis and treatment of iron-deficiency anaemia during pregnancy and postpartum

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Abstract

Introduction

Iron-deficiency anaemia during pregnancy and postpartum occurs frequently and may lead to severe maternal and foetal complications. New treatment regimens include intravenous iron administration in particular clinical situations. The aim of the study was to determine optimal diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to iron-deficiency anaemia during pregnancy and postpartum.

Methods

The evidence from data available from published studies and recommendations regarding diagnosis and treatment were reviewed. As conclusions, recommendations are given by an expert panel.

Results

During pregnancy, oral iron therapy is given as first-line treatment. In cases with lack of efficacy, unwarranted side effects or very low haemoglobin values, intravenous iron treatment with iron carboxymaltose is a preferable alternative, although data regarding safety are limited. In the postpartum period, haemoglobin values less than 95 g/L are treated ideally by intravenous carboxymaltose, leading to more rapid haemoglobin recovery.

Conclusion

New intravenous iron preparations such as iron carboxymaltose have an excellent efficacy, side effect profile and advantages as compared to oral iron preparations for particular clinical indications.

Expert Panel Recommendation, Quality Assurance Commission of the Swiss Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.