Lack of effect of oral administration of resveratrol in LPS-induced systemic inflammation
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- Larrosa, M., Azorín-Ortuño, M., Yañez-Gascón, M.J. et al. Eur J Nutr (2011) 50: 673. doi:10.1007/s00394-011-0178-3
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The high mortality index due to sepsis and the lack of an effective treatment requires the search for new compounds that can serve as therapy for this disease. Resveratrol, a well-known anti-inflammatory natural compound, might be a good candidate for the treatment of sepsis. The aim of this work was to study the effects of oral administration of resveratrol, before and after sepsis initiation, on inflammation markers in a murine model of endotoxin-induced sepsis.
Sprague–Dawley male rats were treated with resveratrol the 3 days prior to LPS administration and 45 min later. Hematological parameters, TNF-α, IL-1β and CINC-1, FRAP and TBARS levels were determined. Resveratrol and resveratrol-derived metabolites profile in plasma was compared after oral and intraperitoneal administration.
Oral treatment with resveratrol had no apparent systemic protective effects. However, resveratrol reduced the levels of lipid peroxidation in the small intestine and colon. Importantly, the administration of LPS caused a decrease in resveratrol absorption. When resveratrol bioavailability after i.p. administration was compared to that observed after oral administration, a different profile of resveratrol metabolites was found in plasma.
These results highlight the importance of studying the bioavailability of the assayed compounds in the experimental models used to be able to choose the best route of administration depending on the target organ and to determine which compounds or derived metabolites are effective treating the studied disease.