Review Paper

Child's Nervous System

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 1803-1810

The pia mater: a comprehensive review of literature

  • Nimer AdeebAffiliated withDivision of Neurological Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , Martin M. MortazaviAffiliated withDivision of Neurological Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , Aman DeepAffiliated withDivision of Neurological Surgery, The Children’s Hospital of Alabama
  • , Christoph J. GriessenauerAffiliated withDivision of Neurological Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , Koichi WatanabeAffiliated withDivision of Neurological Surgery, The Children’s Hospital of Alabama
  • , Mohammadali M. ShojaAffiliated withDivision of Neurological Surgery, The Children’s Hospital of Alabama
  • , Marios LoukasAffiliated withDivision of Neurological Surgery, The Children’s Hospital of Alabama
  • , R. Shane TubbsAffiliated withDivision of Neurological Surgery, The Children’s Hospital of Alabama Email author 

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Abstract

Introduction

The pia mater has received less attention in the literature compared to the dura and arachnoid maters. However, its presence as a direct covering of the nervous system and direct relation to the blood vessels gives it a special importance in neurosurgery.

Method

A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted to study all that we could find relating to the pia mater, including history, macro- and microanatomy, embryology, and a full description of the related structures.

Conclusion

The pia mater has an important anatomic position, rich history, complicated histology and embryology, and a significant contribution to a number of other structures that may stabilize and protect the nervous system.

Keywords

Pia mater Denticulate ligament Filum terminale Linea splendens