, Volume 178, Issue 8, pp 957-962
Date: 07 Jun 2008

Vasotocin has the potential to inhibit basolateral Na+ /K+ -pump current across isolated skin of tree frog in vitro, via its V2 -type receptor/cAMP pathway

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Adult frog skin transports Na+ from the apical to the basolateral side across the skin. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is involved in the regulation of Na+ transport in both mammals and amphibians. We investigated the effect of arginine vasotocin (AVT), the ADH of amphibians, on the short-circuit current (SCC) across intact skin and on the basolateral Na+/K+-pump current across apically nystatin-permeabilized skin of the tree frog, Hyla japonica, in which the V2-type ADH receptor is expressed in vitro. In intact skin, 1 pM AVT had no effect on the SCC, but 10 nM AVT was sufficient to stimulate the SCC since 10 nM and 1 μM of AVT increased the SCC 3.2- and 3.4-fold, respectively (> 0.9). However, in permeabilized skin, AVT (1 μM) decreased the Na+/K+-pump current to 0.79 times vehicle control. Similarly, 500 μM of 8Br-cAMP increased the SCC 3.2-fold, yet 1 mM of 8Br-cAMP decreased the Na+/K+-pump current to 0.76 times vehicle control. Arachidonic acid (10−5 M) tended to decrease the Na+/K+-pump current. To judge from these in vitro experiments, AVT has the potential to inhibit the basolateral Na+/K+-pump current via the V2-type receptor/cAMP pathway in the skin of the tree frog.