Deep-water life cycle of Anisakis paggiae (Nematoda: Anisakidae) in the Irminger Sea indicates kogiid whale distribution in north Atlantic waters
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- Klimpel, S., Kuhn, T., Busch, M.W. et al. Polar Biol (2011) 34: 899. doi:10.1007/s00300-010-0946-1
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The study of the beryciform Anoplogaster cornuta from the Irminger Sea (north Atlantic) revealed the presence of the anisakid nematode Anisakis paggiae inside the body cavity, representing a new host and locality record. This deep-sea fish was infected with Anisakis larvae at a prevalence of 57.1% and a mean intensity of 2.2, with no correlation between the fish standard length and the number of accumulated A. paggiae. Kogiid whales (Kogia breviceps, K. sima), the typical final hosts of this parasitic nematode, have not yet been recorded so far in the north. Because A. cornuta does not migrate outside the Irminger Sea, and by using the parasite as an indicator for the presence of the final hosts, A. paggiae must have been introduced through migratory kogiid final hosts. This would extend their range of distribution into the Irminger Sea. The depth range of the meso- and bathypelagic A. cornuta and the frequent occurrence of Anisakis inside this deep-sea fish demonstrate an oceanic deep-water life cycle for A. paggiae in the north Atlantic.