Decline of the breeding population of Pygoscelis antarctica and Pygoscelis adeliae on Penguin Island, South Shetland, Antarctica
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- Sander, M., Balbão, T.C., Costa, E.S. et al. Polar Biol (2007) 30: 651. doi:10.1007/s00300-006-0218-2
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This work is a quantitative analysis of the population of breeding pairs of Pygoscelis adeliae and Pygoscelis antarctica, which use Penguin Island as a breeding area. There was a decrease in the populations of P. adeliae and P. antarctica by 75 and 66%, respectively, from the breeding season of 1979/1980 to 2003/2004. A mixed breeding colony of both species was also documented, according to published data which has existed since 1979/1980. The P. antarctica has an advantage over P. adeliae in this mixed breeding situation, where the breeding pairs of the former increased by 127%, indicating an interspecies competition for nesting ground.