Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

, Volume 69, Issue 6, pp 1641–1645

FOLFIRI as second-line chemotherapy for advanced pancreatic cancer: a GISCAD multicenter phase II study

Authors

    • Medical Oncology UnitFondazione Poliambulanza
  • Enrico Aitini
    • Medical Oncology UnitC. Poma Hospital
  • Sandro Barni
    • Medical Oncology UnitTreviglio-Caravaggio Hospital
  • Daris Ferrari
    • Medical Oncology UnitS. Paolo Hospital
  • Stefano Cascinu
    • Medical Oncology UnitUniversità Politecnica delle Marche, Ospedali Riuniti di Ancona
  • Vincenzo Catalano
    • Medical Oncology UnitOspedali Riuniti Marche Nord, Presidio San Salvatore
  • Giuseppe Valmadre
    • Medical Oncology DHOspedale di Sondalo
  • Domenica Ferrara
    • Medical Oncology UnitOspedale San Carlo
  • Enzo Veltri
    • Medical Oncology UnitOspedale Don Luigi di Liegro
  • Claudio Codignola
    • Department of SurgeryFondazione Poliambulanza
  • Roberto Labianca
    • Medical Oncology UnitOspedali Riuniti
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00280-012-1875-1

Cite this article as:
Zaniboni, A., Aitini, E., Barni, S. et al. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol (2012) 69: 1641. doi:10.1007/s00280-012-1875-1

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the activity and the tolerability of the FOLFIRI regimen, administered as second-line chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer after the failure of a gemcitabine-based regimen.

Methods

Patients with locally advanced/metastatic disease who received a first-line chemotherapy (one line only) with gemcitabine ± platinoid (cisplatin, oxaliplatin) and who had measurable disease conform with the RECIST criteria were eligible for the study.

FOLFIRI consists of irinotecan 180 mg/m2 iv on day 1, leucovorin (l-form) 200 mg/m2 iv on day 1 and 2, 5-FU 400 mg/m2 iv bolus on days 1 and 2, and 5-FU 600 mg/m2 iv by ci for 22 h on days 1 and 2, repeated every 2 weeks. The primary end point was the response rate.

Results

Among the 50 enrolled patients, 4 partial responses (PR) (8 %) and 14 stable diseases were observed, for a disease control rate of 18/50 (36 %). Forty-one patients (82 %) have been pretreated with cisplatin/oxaliplatin+gemcitabine as first-line chemotherapy. The median progression-free and overall survivals were 3.2 and 5 months, respectively. The 6-month survival rate was 32 %. Grade 3–4 neutropenia and diarrhea occurred in 10 (20 %) and 6 (12 %) patients, respectively.

Conclusion

The FOLFIRI regimen showed a modest clinical activity in this quite heavily pretreated patients’ population with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer with a manageable toxicity profile.

Keywords

Pancreatic cancer FOLFIRI Chemotherapy Second-line Irinotecan

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012