Article

Environmental Management

, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 739-750

Land Use-Based Landscape Planning and Restoration in Mine Closure Areas

  • Jianjun ZhangAffiliated withSchool of Land Science and Technology, China University of GeosciencesDepartment of Mining and Material Engineering, McGill University
  • , Meichen FuAffiliated withSchool of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences Email author 
  • , Ferri P. HassaniAffiliated withDepartment of Mining and Material Engineering, McGill University
  • , Hui ZengAffiliated withSocialwork Department, China Women’s University
  • , Yuhuan GengAffiliated withSchool of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences
  • , Zhongke BaiAffiliated withSchool of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences

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Abstract

Landscape planning and restoration in mine closure areas is not only an inevitable choice to sustain mining areas but also an important path to maximize landscape resources and to improve ecological function in mine closure areas. The analysis of the present mine development shows that many mines are unavoidably facing closures in China. This paper analyzes the periodic impact of mining activities on landscapes and then proposes planning concepts and principles. According to the landscape characteristics in mine closure areas, this paper classifies available landscape resources in mine closure areas into the landscape for restoration, for limited restoration and for protection, and then summarizes directions for their uses. This paper establishes the framework of spatial control planning and design of landscape elements from “macro control, medium allocation and micro optimization” for the purpose of managing and using this kind of special landscape resources. Finally, this paper applies the theories and methods to a case study in Wu’an from two aspects: the construction of a sustainable land-use pattern on a large scale and the optimized allocation of typical mine landscape resources on a small scale.

Keywords

Landscape planning Landscape restoration Mine closure Existing landscape China