Environmental Management

, Volume 44, Issue 6, pp 1022-1032

First online:

Managing for Multiple Resources Under Climate Change: National Forests

  • Linda A. JoyceAffiliated withUSFS Rocky Mountain Research Station Email author 
  • , Geoffrey M. BlateAffiliated withPolicy Office, WWF Greater Mekong Programme, Chulawich 1 Building, Chulalongkorn University
  • , Steven G. McNultyAffiliated withSouthern Global Change Program, USFS Southern Research Station
  • , Constance I. MillarAffiliated withSierra Nevada Research Center, USFS Pacific Southwest Research Station
  • , Susanne MoserAffiliated withInstitute of Marine Sciences, University of California-Santa CruzSusanne Moser Research & Consulting
  • , Ronald P. NeilsonAffiliated withUSFS Pacific Northwest Research Station
  • , David L. PetersonAffiliated withUSFS Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory

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This study explores potential adaptation approaches in planning and management that the United States Forest Service might adopt to help achieve its goals and objectives in the face of climate change. Availability of information, vulnerability of ecological and socio-economic systems, and uncertainties associated with climate change, as well as the interacting non-climatic changes, influence selection of the adaptation approach. Resource assessments are opportunities to develop strategic information that could be used to identify and link adaptation strategies across planning levels. Within a National Forest, planning must incorporate the opportunity to identify vulnerabilities to climate change as well as incorporate approaches that allow management adjustments as the effects of climate change become apparent. The nature of environmental variability, the inevitability of novelty and surprise, and the range of management objectives and situations across the National Forest System implies that no single approach will fit all situations. A toolbox of management options would include practices focused on forestalling climate change effects by building resistance and resilience into current ecosystems, and on managing for change by enabling plants, animals, and ecosystems to adapt to climate change. Better and more widespread implementation of already known practices that reduce the impact of existing stressors represents an important “no regrets” strategy. These management opportunities will require agency consideration of its adaptive capacity, and ways to overcome potential barriers to these adaptation options.


Resilience Resistance Anticipatory management Planning Assessments Adaptation