Mini-Review

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 59, Issue 4, pp 409-418

Microbial alkaline pectinases and their industrial applications: a review

  •  G. HoondalAffiliated withDepartment of Microbiology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India
  • ,  R. TiwariAffiliated withDepartment of Microbiology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India
  • ,  R. TewariAffiliated withDepartment of Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India
  • ,  N. DahiyaAffiliated withDepartment of Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India
  • ,  Q. BegAffiliated withDepartment of Microbiology, University of Delhi South Campus, Benito Juarez Marg, New Delhi 110 021, India

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Abstract.

The biotechnological potential of pectinolytic enzymes from microorganisms has drawn a great deal of attention from various researchers worldwide as likely biological catalysts in a variety of industrial processes. Alkaline pectinases are among the most important industrial enzymes and are of great significance in the current biotechnological arena with wide-ranging applications in textile processing, degumming of plant bast fibers, treatment of pectic wastewaters, paper making, and coffee and tea fermentations. The present review features the potential applications and uses of microbial alkaline pectinases, the nature of pectin, and the vast range of pectinolytic enzymes that function to mineralize pectic substances present in the environment. It also emphasizes the environmentally friendly applications of microbial alkaline pectinases thereby revealing their underestimated potential. The review intends to explore the potential of these enzymes and to encourage new alkaline pectinase-based industrial technology.