, Volume 57, Issue 10, pp 717-729
Date: 08 Oct 2005

High-throughput DNA typing of HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 loci by a PCR–SSOP–Luminex method in the Japanese population

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We have developed a new high-throughput, high-resolution genotyping method for the detection of alleles at the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 loci by combining polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes (SSOPs) protocols with the Luminex 100 xMAP flow cytometry dual-laser system to quantitate fluorescently labeled oligonucleotides attached to color-coded microbeads. In order to detect the HLA alleles with a frequency of more than 0.1% in the Japanese population, we created 48 oligonucleotide probes for the HLA-A locus, 61 for HLA-B, 34 for HLA-C, and 51 for HLA-DRB1. The accuracy of the PCR–SSOP–Luminex method was determined by comparing it to the nucleotide sequencing method after subcloning into the plasmid vector using 150 multinational control samples obtained from the International HLA DNA Exchange University of California Los Angeles. In addition, we performed the PCR–SSOP–Luminex method for HLA allele typing on DNA samples collected from 1,018 Japanese volunteers. Overall, the genotyping method exhibited an accuracy of 85.91% for HLA-A, 85.03% for HLA-B, 97.32% for HLA-C, and 90.67% for HLA-DRB1 using 150 control samples, and 100% for HLA-A and -C, 99.90% for HLA-B, and 99.95% for HLA-DRB1 in 1,018 Japanese samples. The PCR–SSOP–Luminex method provides a simple, accurate, and rapid approach toward multiplex genotyping of HLA alleles to the four-digit or higher level of resolution in the Japanese population. It takes only approximately 5 h from DNA extraction to the definition of HLA four-digit alleles at the HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, and HLA-DRB1 loci for 96 samples when handled by a single typist.