Pictorial Essay

Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 606-619

Neonatal ischemic brain injury: what every radiologist needs to know

  • Chaitra A. BadveAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Seattle Children’s Hospital and University of Washington Medical Center
  • , Paritosh C. KhannaAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Seattle Children’s Hospital and University of Washington Medical Center
  • , Gisele E. IshakAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Seattle Children’s Hospital and University of Washington Medical Center Email author 

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Abstract

We present a pictorial review of neonatal ischemic brain injury and look at its pathophysiology, imaging features and differential diagnoses from a radiologist’s perspective. The concept of perinatal stroke is defined and its distinction from hypoxic-ischemic injury is emphasized. A brief review of recent imaging advances is included and a diagnostic approach to neonatal ischemic brain injury is suggested.

Keywords

MRI Hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy Perinatal arterial stroke Sinovenous thrombosis