Urological Research

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 247–253

Bone mineral content in calcium renal stone formers

Authors

Invited Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00240-005-0498-y

Cite this article as:
Trinchieri, A. Urol Res (2005) 33: 247. doi:10.1007/s00240-005-0498-y

Abstract

Idiopathic renal calcium stone disease often presents with reduced bone mineral content. Investigations using non-invasive methods for the measurement of bone mineral content (single and dual-photon absorptiometry, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, quantitative computed tomodensitometry) show a slight decrease in skeletal mineral content of idiopathic renal stone formers (RSFs).The alterations in bone mineral content in RSFs have different explanations: prostaglandin-mediated bone resorption, subtle metabolic acidosis and 1–25 vitamin D disorders. Bone mineral content is worsened by insufficient dietary calcium leading to a negative calcium balance.

Keywords

Calcium stone disease Bone mineral density Hypercalciuria Dietary calcium Hyperparathyroidism

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005