Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 794–806

Characterization and Evolution of the Mitochondrial DNA Control Region in Hornbills (Bucerotiformes)

  • Wayne Delport
  • J. Willem H. Ferguson
  • Paulette Bloomer
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00239-001-0083-0

Cite this article as:
Delport, W., Ferguson, J. & Bloomer, P. J Mol Evol (2002) 54: 794. doi:10.1007/s00239-001-0083-0
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Abstract.

We determined the mitochondrial DNA control region sequences of six Bucerotiformes. Hornbills have the typical avian gene order and their control region is similar to other avian control regions in that it is partitioned into three domains: two variable domains that flank a central conserved domain. Two characteristics of the hornbill control region sequence differ from that of other birds. First, domain I is AT rich as opposed to AC rich, and second, the control region is approximately 500 bp longer than that of other birds. Both these deviations from typical avian control region sequence are explainable on the basis of repeat motifs in domain I of the hornbill control region. The repeat motifs probably originated from a duplication of CSB-1 as has been determined in chicken, quail, and snowgoose. Furthermore, the hornbill repeat motifs probably arose before the divergence of hornbills from each other but after the divergence of hornbills from other avian taxa. The mitochondrial control region of hornbills is suitable for both phylogenetic and population studies, with domains I and II probably more suited to population and phylogenetic analyses, respectively.

Key words: Mitochondrial DNA — Control region — Bucerotiformes — Characterization — Repeats — Secondary structure — Phylogenetics — Population genetics 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wayne Delport
    • 1
  • J. Willem H. Ferguson
    • 1
  • Paulette Bloomer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South AfricaZA
  2. 2.Molecular Ecology and Evolution Program, Department of Genetics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South AfricaZA

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