, Volume 68, Issue 11, pp 1493-1499
Date: 15 Apr 2012

Association of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A9 polymorphisms with adverse reactions to catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors in Parkinson’s disease patients

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the association between adverse reactions to catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors and the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A9 genotypes UGT1A9*1b and UGT1A9*3a, which were previously identified in individual cases of COMT inhibitor-induced toxicity.

Methods

The study included 52 Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients on COMT inhibitors without evidence of adverse reactions and 11 PD patients who had been withdrawn from COMT inhibitors due to adverse reactions. UGT1A9*1b was identified by direct sequencing of the PCR amplification of the gene and UGT1A9*3a was assayed by real-time PCR.

Results

The frequency of the *3a/*3a and *1/*3a genotype variants was 45.5 % in subjects with adverse reactions and 21.1 % in subjects without adverse reactions [overall UGT1A9*3a allele frequency 27.3 vs. 11.5 %, P = 0.087; odds ratio (OR) 2.87, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.94–8.77]. The frequency of genotype combinations leading to low glucuronosyltransferase activity (*3a/*3a irrespective of *1b or *1/*3a and *1/*1b) was 5.8 % in subjects without adverse reactions and 36.4 % in subjects with adverse reactions (P = 0.014; OR 9.33, 95 % CI 1.71–50.78).

Conclusions

In PD patients UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A9 genotypes are associated with adverse reactions to COMT inhibitors, leading to treatment withdrawal. UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A9 genotyping may be a screening and/or diagnostic test to assist individualized treatments with COMT inhibitors.

The Authors wish to dedicate this study to the loving memory of Emilia Martignoni, dearest friend, caring physician, and invaluable scientist.