Communications in Mathematical Physics

, Volume 318, Issue 3, pp 831-855

First online:

Ergodic Theory of Generic Continuous Maps

  • Flavio AbdenurAffiliated withDepartamento de Matemática, PUC-Rio de Janeiro
  • , Martin AnderssonAffiliated withUniversidade Federal Fluminense (GMA) Email author 

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We study the ergodic properties of generic continuous dynamical systems on compact manifolds. As a main result we prove that generic homeomorphisms have convergent Birkhoff averages under continuous observables at Lebesgue almost every point. In spite of this, when the underlying manifold has dimension greater than one, generic homeomorphisms have no physical measures—a somewhat strange result which stands in sharp contrast to current trends in generic differentiable dynamics. Similar results hold for generic continuous maps.

To further explore the mysterious behaviour of C 0 generic dynamics, we also study the ergodic properties of continuous maps which are conjugated to expanding circle maps. In this context, generic maps have divergent Birkhoff averages along orbits starting from Lebesgue almost every point.