European Food Research and Technology

, Volume 228, Issue 4, pp 571–578

Occurrence of 3-chloropropane-1,2-diol fatty acid esters in infant and baby foods

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00217-008-0965-0

Cite this article as:
Zelinková, Z., Doležal, M. & Velíšek, J. Eur Food Res Technol (2009) 228: 571. doi:10.1007/s00217-008-0965-0


A series of fourteen starter formula, follow-up formula, and growing-up milk produced by three manufacturers was analyzed by for the chloropropanols 1,3-dichloropropan-2-ol (1,3-DCP), 3-chloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and their fatty acid esters. While none of the products contained free chloropropanols at levels exceeding the method detections limits, all of them contained relatively high amounts of 3-MCPD esters. The latter concentrations ranged from 62 to 588 μg of 3-MCPD esters (bound 3-MCPD)/kg on the product basis and <300 (limit of quantification)—2,060 μg/kg expressed on the fat basis. These concentrations were proportional to the fat content in products as refined vegetable oils used by the manufacturers contain elevated levels of 3-MCPD esters depending on their origin and other factors. Regular intake of these products can lead to exceeding the tolerable daily intake that has been set for free 3-MCPD. The major types of 3-MCPD esters were the symmetric diesters with palmitic and oleic acids and asymmetric diesters with palmitic/oleic acid among which 1,2-palmitoyl, oleoyl-3-MCPD prevailed.


Infant foodBaby food3-Chloropropane-1,2-diol3-MCPDBound 3-MCPD3-MCPD esters

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zuzana Zelinková
    • 1
  • Marek Doležal
    • 1
  • Jan Velíšek
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Food Chemistry and AnalysisInstitute of Chemical Technology PraguePragueCzech Republic